Monday, November 24, 2014

Chief Vann Historic House

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Chief Vann House is the first brick residence in the Cherokee Nation that has been called the "Showplace of the Cherokee Nation". Owned by a Cherokee chief named Chief James Vann, The Vann House is a Georgia Historic Site on the National Register of Historic Places and one of the oldest remaining structures in the northern third of the state of Georgia. It is (on Spring Place) located at the intersection of U.S. Highway 76 and Georgia 225 in Murray County, on the outskirts of Chatsworth in northwest Georgia (leaving the main highway and heading south towards the Vann House, which has a commanding view of all the land around it and of the Cohutta Mountains, some 10 miles (16 km) to the east.).

Construction of The Vann House

When James Vann was rising to become the wealthiest businessman in the Cherokee Nation as well as a chief, he decided to build a two-story brick house which would reflect his status. For its construction, Vann brought in professional architects for its design. In addition to providing an education to local Cherokees, the Moravians contributed to the building.

In July 1803, a man named Vogt, perhaps James Vann’s brother in-law, Charles Vogt, and Dr. Henry Chandlee Forman, arrived to begin construction. Work began in late 1803 and the house was completed early in 1804. Both the exterior walls (which are around eighteen inches thick) and the interior walls (which are around eight inches (203 mm) thick) are solid brick. These bricks came from the red clay located on the Spring Place Plantation (Vann House) property. Handwrought nails and hinges came from Vann's own blacksmith shop. Only the interior walls of the third floor are plaster on wood.

The house is a combination of the late Federal style architecture and early Georgian style. Both Georgian and Federal styled homes have two full stories with a half third story. The house has this type of design: the ceilings of both the first and second floor stand at twelve feet, while the ceiling of the third floor stands at only six feet.
The first and second floors have the standard three rooms. On both levels there is a room to the east, a room to the west, and a hallway dividing the two. On the first level, the room to the east is the Vann dining room, while the room to the west is the drawing room, more commonly referred to as a family or living room. On the second floor, the room to the east is the master bedroom and the room to the west is the guest bedroom. Only the third floor, which operated as storage space during James’s life and then as children's rooms during Joseph’s life, strays from this common design.

The third floor is divided into two rooms. The room that the stairway leads into on the third floor is believed to have served as the boys' room. This room is two-thirds the width of the home and has two closets cut into its walls. The second room of the third floor is that of the girls. This room is only one-third the width of the home; however, this room could be shut off from the boy’s room, giving the girls more privacy.

The interior of the home is decorated with beautiful colors. The four colors present in the home are red, blue, green, and yellow. White is used throughout the home but only as a filler color. There are two possible reasons for these four colors in the home. The first possibility is that these four colors represent different elements of nature. Red represents the Georgia red clay, blue represents the sky, green represents the trees and grass, and yellow represents the wheat and corn of the harvest. The second possibility is that these four colors are part of Federal style colors.

The red, blue, and yellow seen in the Vann House were often used in other homes of the late seventeen hundreds and the early eighteen hundreds. The only difference between how these colors were used in this home versus how they are used in other homes of the time is the way in which they are distributed. Most homes of the Federal period would concentrate colors in one room, giving a house a red room, blue room, etc. However, in the Vann House the colors have been mixed in almost every room giving the rooms a multi-color appearance, as well as the mantels, door jambs, and wainscotings, all of which are original to the house. The doors, known as Christian doors, are of special interest. Their construction features a cross and an open Bible.

In addition to the blacksmith shop, the 800-acre (3.2 km2) property around the Vann House included 42 slave cabins, 6 barns, 5 smokehouses, a trading post, more than 1,000 peach trees, 147 apple trees, and a still.

After constructing The Vann House, James lived at the house for 5 years before he was killed at Buffington’s Tavern in 1809. After his death, his favorite child, Rich Joe Vann, which was neither his youngest or eldest child, inherited the house.



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Sunday, November 23, 2014

Bunch Timeline



By Penny Ferguson:

1720:   Gedion Bunch born. (JG)
1733: Micajah "Cage" Bunch born in probably Brunswick County Virginia. (JG)
1745 May 28, 1745 - Louisa Co. VA
"Ordered that William Hall, Samuel Collins, Thomas Collins, William Collins, Samuel Bunch, George Gibson, Benjamin Branham, Thomas Gibson, and William Donathan be summoned to appear at the next Court to answer the presentment of the Grand jury this day made against them for concealing tithables within twelve months past."
…pled not guilty…    Steven Pony Hill  http://sciway3.net/clark/freemoors/Indian.htm

1749:  Tax list of Lunenburg County, Virginia (from Sunlight on the Southside) William Howard’s list; Gedion Bunch and tithe Cage Bunch. Note; Obviously, Cage is the son of Gedion Bunch. (Jack Goins)

1750: 175[0?] List of Wm. Eaton  (Granville Co. NC)
List of Saml. Henderson
Gibion Bunch 2  (WTL)
  
1754:  Micajer Bunch son of Gedion is listed in 1754 Orange County, NC tax list of Gedion Macon in the household of John Stoud who paid a tax for Micager Bunch and Lydia Bunch possibly his daughter and son in-law?  (Jack Goins)
1755:   Orange County, North Carolina, tax list several families who either they are their forefather once lived on the Pamunkey River in Louisa County, Virginia and who eventually migrated to Hawkins County, TN and became know as the Melungeons. (Jack Goins)
Gidean Bunch 1 tithe (mulatto)
Micajer Bunch 1 tithe (mulatto)
Moses Ridley (Riddle) 1 tithe and wife Mary (mulattoes)
Thomas Collins 3 tithes (mulatto)
Samuel Collins 3 tithes (mulattoes)
John Collins 1 tithe (mulatto)
Thomas Gibson 3 tithes (mulatto)
Charles Gibson 1 tithe (mulatto)
George Gibson 1 tithe (mulatto)
Mager Gibson 1 tithe (mulatto)

1755 Orange County NC Tax list Gedion Bunch, Micajer Bunch, Thomas Collins, Samuel Collins, John Collins, Moses and Mary Ridley  (webtimeline JG)

Cont. here:
http://www.bunchcousins.com/pennytimeline.htm

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Friday, November 7, 2014

Understanding the Meaning of Social Isolates

TENNESSEE MELUNGEONS AND RELATED GROUPS 

Virginia Easley DeMarce
Historian
Branch of Acknowledgment and Research
Bureau of Indian Affairs
1849 C Street, NW
Washington, DC 20240

What is a social isolate?

The great majority of individuals in the United States who carry a mixed European, African, and Native American genealogical heritage are not members of social isolate groups. The majority of them identify with some other component of the wider society--most commonly white, sometimes Black, and sometimes Native American. As such persons trace their family history, they may find that some, though probably not all, of their ancestors were at some time part of a tri-racial isolate settlement. Therefore, the genealogical study of such groups is of interest to a wide segment of the modern American population.

The most basic and useful definition of mixed-race social isolates for the purposes of academic study was compiled in 1950 by a professional geographer. Edward T. Price wrote:

(1) The people must be racial mixtures of white and non-white groups, Indian and/or negro peoples presumably providing the latter blood in the absence of evidence to the contrary;

(2) they must have a social status differing from that accorded whites, Indians, or negroes in the area in such away as to throw them generally together in their more personal social relationships;

(3) they must exist in such numbers and concentration as to be recognized in their locality as such a group and usually to be identified by a distinguishing group name (Price 1950, 5).

Price's emphasis on the existence of a group is fundamental to studying the genealogy of social isolate groups as groups. In spite of the ongoing myth that one drop of African ancestry classified an individual or family as Black, the historical fact is that this principal was nowhere a matter of law in the United States prior to the early 20th century, whereas in most jurisdictions prior to the Civil War, free persons with less than 1/8 or 1/16 African ancestry were, for legal purposes, classified as white. While the prevalence of legal and social discrimination should not be underestimated, neither should it be overestimated. In many communities, whites were reluctant to apply law codes which had been passed to control slaves and emancipated slaves to those mixed-race families that had been free since early colonial times. Often, if one mixed-race family moved into a county or comparable jurisdiction, it was simply assimilated by the local majority population, leaving scarcely a ripple in the historical record. In order for a social isolate to develop, there had to be a large enough group to permit enough endogamous marriages to sustain a distinct population. For a general discussion of the complexities, see the well-known article by Gary B. Mills and the recent more general survey by Gary B. Nash.

What are the basic sources of information on social isolates?

Writing about social isolates has fallen primarily into the categories of fact, folklore, fantasy, and even modern fiction. It is not always easy to distinguish these categories of writing. Spurred on by the wishful thinking of authors, fiction, fantasy, and folklore have masqueraded as fact with some frequency. Outright fiction is probably the least common: it can be very interesting in its own right. However, at least in the case of Appalachian writer Sharyn McCrumb's Elizabeth MacPherson mystery novel, the "common sense" historical explanation which the author adopted has no discernable basis in the genealogical documentation of the families who are known to have lived in social isolate settlements in the tri-state region of southwestern Virginia, northwestern North Carolina, and northeastern Tennessee.

Fantasy. John Sevier's letter mentioning a tribe of "white Indians" which supposedly lived in eastern Tennessee in the late 18th century has provided the root of many of the more improbable speculations on the origins of the isolate settlements. One of the most widespread resulting fantasies has been the attempt to link these settlements with early Portuguese explorations of the North American continent. The improbability of such connections is made clear by Charles M. Hudson's recent impartial survey of these explorations. Turkish origins are equally improbable.

Fact. The actual, factual, history of social isolate settlements is going to be written by genealogists and family historians: document by individual document, fact by painstaking fact. The function and duty of the historian and the genealogist is to demystify and to de-mythologize.

I want to particularly cite one family genealogist who, by painstaking local research, has traced the written usage of the word "Melungeon" at a date much earlier than it had been located by professional historians and anthropologists, who had made do with a recollection, written in the 1880's, that the word had been used in the late 1840's: Jack Harold Goins of Rogersville, Tennessee, located a written use of the word on September 26, 1813. Jack descends from Zephaniah Goins. Knowing that his ancestors were Primitive Baptists, Jack Goins searched first the minutes of the Blackwater Primitive Baptist Church, where Zephaniah and Elizabeth (Thompson) Goins were members. These led him to the minutes of the Stoney Creek Primitive Baptist Church at Ft. Blackmore, Washington County, Virginia (about eight miles southwest of present-day Dungannon, Virginia, in Scott County), just across the state line from Tennessee.

By carefully tracing a specific family along a specific migration route, this author has made a major contribution not only to family genealogy, but to historical and anthropological research. More research of equally high quality needs to be undertaken. When we know the origins of each individual Melungeon family, we will know the origins of the Melungeons. When we know the origins of each family in other social isolates, we will begin to understand their genesis and development.



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Monday, October 6, 2014

Ashley Marie Trent, Granddaughter of Johnnie Rhea, Obituary



Ashley Marie Trent, age 26, of Sneedville, was born on July 28, 1988 and passed away suddenly on October 4, 2014 from injuries resulting from a car accident. She professed faith in Christ at an early age. She was preceded in death by her father, Edgar Trent; grandparents, Mr. & Mrs. Issac Trent, Carson Singleton & Johnnie Clyde Rhea. She is survived by; Daughter; Addison Marie Hill. Sister; Tammy Trent, Very special niece & nephew; Tamara King and Jaden Taylor, Mother; Margaret Trent Belch (Ed & Debbie) Special aunt & uncle; Betty & Paul Mahan.  A host of aunts, uncles, cousins and friends.

Funeral services will be held at 2:00 P.M. on Wednesday, October 8, 2014 at the Yellow Branch Missionary Baptist Church in Sneedville. Rev. Kyle Gregory Jr. & Rev. Buster Jarvis officiating. Interment will follow in the Yellow Branch Church Cemetery. Serving as pallbearers will be Josh Williams, Brock Williams, Brad Sutton, Derrick Crider, Dustin Bowlin, Riley McCoy, Randy Ferguson, Mark Greene & Colby Collins. Serving as honorary pallbearer will be Jaden Taylor. The family will receive friends from 6 to 9 P.M. on Tuesday, October 7, 2014 at the McNeil Funeral Home.

Online condolences can be made at www.mcneilfuneralhome.com
McNeil Funeral Home in Sneedville in charge of arrangements

We offer our deepest condolences to the family of Ashley Marie.

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Thursday, October 2, 2014

Ancestor of Native Americans in Asia was 30% “Western Eurasian”

Ancestor of Native Americans in Asia was 30% “Western Eurasian”

The complete genome has recently been sequenced from 4 year old Russian boy who died 24,000 years ago near Lake Baikal in a location called Mal’ta, the area in Asia believed to be the origin of the Native Americans based on Y DNA and mitochondrial chromosome similarities.  The map below, from Science News, shows the location.
malta boy map
This represents the oldest complete genome ever sequenced, except for the Neanderthal (38,000 years old) and Denisovan (41,000 years old).
This child’s genome shows that he is related closely to Native Americans, and, surprisingly, to western Asians/eastern Europeans, but not to eastern Asians, to whom Native Americans are closely related.  This implies that this child was a member of part of a “tribe” that had not yet merged or intermarried with the Eastern Asians (Japan, China, etc.) that then became the original Native Americans who migrated across the Beringian land bridge between about 15,000 and 20,000 years ago.
Cont. here:

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Wednesday, September 10, 2014

Why do Cherokees Wear Turbans?

Why do Cherokees Wear Turbans? We see old portraits of Cherokees wearing turbans. Does this mean they somehow descend from Turkish men who came to this country as sailors with early exploration parties? Actually there is a much more plausible reason.

 

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Sunday, August 31, 2014

The Hatfields and McCoys by Otis K. Rice


If you hurry you can get a very nice hard back book for $2.05 from Amazon. It is a respected source book about this time in Appalachia and these two families. If you have Prime it ships for free.

The Hatfields and McCoys by Otis K. Rice
http://smile.amazon.com/The-Hatfields-McCoys-Otis-Rice/dp/0813114594/ref=smi_www_rcolv2_go_smi?_encoding=UTF8&*Version*=1&*entries*=0


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Sunday, August 17, 2014

Mattie Ruth Johnson: August 27, 1940 - August 13, 2014

Mattie Johnson Obituary
In Memory of

Mattie Ruth Johnson

August 27, 1940 - August 13, 2014
At the age of 73 Mattie Ruth Johnson's Holy Spirit left her earthly body and entered her Heavenly home on Wednesday, August 13, 2014 at Holston Valley Medical Center. She was a local author and painter. Her book, "My Melungeon Heritage" was written and sold copies all over the United States. She was born in Hancock County, Sneedville, TN on August 27, 1940 and lived on Newman's Ridge in an area called Prospect Ridge. She had a twin sister, but was born 10 minutes before her sister, Goldean. God had an apple in His eye and He took her home before she had got sicker. She was only able to take so much before she was called home.

Ruth had a heart for everyone and she gave to anyone who needed anything. She was a Christian and was Baptized in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. In "My Melungeon Heritage" she tells what it was like to grow up and live in a place and time when life was much different than it is at the end of the twentieth century. A descendant of several of the first known settlers in Hancock County, she had spent a lot of time through the years reading the history of early settlements and colonization of the United States. Her ancestors include many Melungeons, and she had done much research on her family lines. Interested in the Melungeon history for years, she had corresponded with numerous writers dealing with genealogy and people searching their family trees.

Ruth who had lived in Kingsport, was a nurse. She was also an artist who enjoyed working in oils and watercolors. A special thanks to Brent Kennedy for his help and inspiration. To each of the doctors and nurses who had the pleasure of working with her, she thanks you. She also would like to thank Dr. Springer, Dr. and Mrs. Hemoke, Dr. Michigan, Dr. London, Dr. Jack Whitt and the many more. Preceding her to Heaven were her father and mother, Henry and Opal Johnson; brothers, Henry, Jr., Elmer, Gale and Rex; her sister, Phyllis Smith; nephew, Russell Gilliam; and niece Rebecca Gilliam. Surviving is her twin sister, Goldean White; sisters, Nellie Lynch of Florence, SC and Ivagene Gilliam and many nieces and nephews who she loved very much.

A private graveside service will be held in the Garden of the Mausoleum at East Lawn Memorial Park with Pastor Mildred Osborne officiating. Online condolences may be sent to the family. www.eastlawnkingsport.com. East Lawn Funeral Home; Memorial Park has the honor of serving the family of Ms. Mattie Ruth Johnson.


http://obits.dignitymemorial.com/dignity-memorial/obituary.aspx?n=Mattie-Johnson&lc=4949&pid=172119693&mid=6085774&locale=en_US




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Tuesday, May 20, 2014

Hidden America - Children Of The Mountains (Documentary)

If you haven't watched this before or if you just want to watch it again. This is the media's perception of Appalachia and I agree these problems exist. But is this the whole story?





Sunday, April 20, 2014

"Give me your poor and wretched Appalachians.............."

by Janet Crain
While I agree that politicians and reporters have always gone to Appalachia to find poor people, why stop with Richard Nixon? It is still occurring today. I am sure Diane Sawyer drove past beautiful expensive homes on her way to the rickety trailer houses. But she was looking for a story. And why are minorities always ignored? What's up with that?
Children in sepia-toned clothes with dirt-smeared faces. Weathered, sunken-eyed women on trailer steps chain-smoking Camels. Teenagers clad in Carhartt and Mossy Oak loitering outside long-shuttered businesses.
When policymakers and news organizations need a snapshot of rural poverty in the United States, Appalachia — the area of land stretching from the mountains of southern New York through northern Alabama — is the default destination of choice. Poverty tours conducted by presidents from Lyndon Johnson to Richard Nixon, almost every member of the Kennedy clan, and religious leaders like Jesse Jackson have all painted the portrait of Appalachia the same way: poor, backward, and white.
Frank Cedillo fishes in a Greeneville, Tenn., lake.i
Frank Cedillo fishes in a Greeneville, Tenn., lake.
Courtesy of Megan King
While the economic despair and major health epidemics are an unsettling reality for the region, a glaring omission has been made from the "poverty porn" images fed to national audiences for generations: Appalachia's people of color.
"When we tell the truth about Appalachia, it's only then that we tell the real story about who we are," said Aaron Thompson, executive vice president and chief academic officer for the Kentucky Council on Postsecondary Education.
Growing up as an African-American outside Manchester, Ky. — a coal town home to the lowest per capita income in the state, according to US census data — Thompson has become one of the few outspoken role models for young people of color in his mountain home. "There's no one story of Appalachia, no one voice. It's time for everyone to feel like they can speak up, like their story is important."
Continued here:
Related: http://historical-melungeons.blogspot.com/2014/05/hidden-america-children-of-mountains.html

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Monday, March 10, 2014

The Melungeon DNA paper, “Melungeons: A Multi-Ethnic People,” honored



The Melungeon DNA paper, “Melungeons: A Multi-Ethnic People,” was honored on October 20th by the North Carolina Society of Historians at an awards ceremony in Mooresville, NC.
The North Carolina Society of Historians is a nonprofit organization founded in 1941 whose goal is to preserve and share the history of North Carolina.  One of the ways they do this is by encouraging the preservation of history and research into historical topics by conferring awards annually on worthy projects and their authors.  Awards are granted to organizations and individuals in 14 different categories and the awards are presented at the annual meeting, which is a luncheon, in October.
This year’s banquet was held on Saturday, October 20th in Mooresville, NC.

The Melungeon DNA paper titled “Melungeons: A Multi-Ethnic Population” was granted the prestigious Paul Green Multimedia Award.  Jack Goins, the founder of the Melungeon DNA projects and one of the authors of the paper accepted the award in Mooresville on behalf of all four authors.


In addition to Jack, the authors are Janet Crain, Roberta Estes and Penny Ferguson.  Each author received an individual award recognizing their contribution.

Jack said that Elizabeth Sherrill, the Society President, had many complimentary things to say about the paper, and that she showed an impressive pile of papers and projects that represented the other entries that were rejected.  Apparently, the competition was stiff.  I know they have hundreds of entries every year.
Each project or paper that receives an award also receives the judges collective comments.  Here’s what they had to say about “Melungeons: A Multi-Ethnic Population”:
“This paper is definitely not for the “faint of heart,’ nor can it be considered ‘light reading.’  It is an in-depth study of the Melungeons in the Carolinas and surrounding states that is geared toward those persons with a serious interest in tracing these people by taking a DNA approach. It is an academic paper that is the result of a monumental study that took in many different avenues of research. We found this work to be absolutely brilliant and data pertaining to North Carolina was exciting.  We understand that this study is still a work-in-progress, and we look forward, with great anticipation, to future papers chronicling additional information discovered/uncovered regarding this fascinating race of people.”
The authors would like to collectively thank the North Carolina Society of Historians, not only for the award, but for their dedication to the preservation of history and fostering an environment that rewards people for doing so.

``````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````

 Note by Janet Crain: I want to thank Jack Goins for accepting my award for me and for carefully packing the certificate and sending it to me.

I now have it framed and while I am deciding where to hang it, it it sitting on a shelf in my office.

 Thank you to the North Carolina Society of Historians  is also in order.








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Wednesday, February 19, 2014

Shirley Rebecca Nelson


Born: June 26, 1952

Died: February 17, 2014

Services: 7:00 PM 
Wednesday, February 19, 2014, at Bridges Funeral Home.

Visitation: 5:00-7:00 PM Wednesday, February 19, 2014, at Bridges Funeral Home.

Nelson, Shirley Rebecca “Becky” - age 61, of Knoxville, entered into eternal peace on Monday, February 17, 2014, at the University of Tennessee Medical Center.

Becky was born on June 26, 1952, a daughter of the late Emma Jane Kennedy and Neal Franklin Kennedy. She graduated from Holston High School in Knoxville. Becky was a very kind and gentle soul; she had a loving and generous heart, and she had a special love for all animals. She was a professional dog groomer, and she was the long-time owner of Top Dog Styling and Grooming in Knoxville. She was loved by all her clients and their dogs. Becky was the founder and Vice President of the Pet Stylists of Tennessee association and was actively involved in and enjoyed planning an annual training conference for professional groomers for many years. Becky enjoyed genealogy research and was also very active in the Melungeon Historical Society, where she served as the first Secretary/Treasurer of the Society and later as a Board member. She enjoyed researching Civil War records, courthouse records, family archives, and especially loved conducting interviews. All of us in the family are proud of Becky and the research she has done. Because of her, our family history will be passed on through many generations. 

Becky was predeceased by her beloved mother, Emma Jane Kennedy in 2005; her loving grandmother, Mae Kennedy; and two special aunts, Helen Ruth Dickens and Ina Bell Brewer. Everlasting loving memories and special times shared with Becky will be cherished by her beloved son, Jerry Nelson; her devoted soulmate of 36 years, J. D. Reynolds; her beloved father, Neal Kennedy; and her sisters, Peggy Jackson (Randy) of Maryville, Tennessee, Lana Doncaster (Raymond) of Louisville, Tennessee, and her brother David Robeson (Nancy) of Louisville, Tennessee; adorning niece Lisa Madden and her children Corbin, Alayna, and Emmalee; nephews Steven Davis and wife Kathy and their child Haylee; Eric Robeson and wife Valerie and their children Shaunee and Roxanne; niece Heather Doncaster (Joe) and their children Dalton and Emma. Becky is also survived by her special pets she loved and treasured: her dogs Star, Venus, and Diesel; and her cats Ruby and Diamond. 

Funeral Services will be 7:00 PM Wednesday, February 19, 2014, at Bridges Funeral Home with Rev. Mark Large and Rev. Pete Daniels officiating. In lieu of flowers, memorial contributions may be made to the Humane Society of the Tennessee Valley, P.O. Box 51723, Knoxville, TN 37950. Family and friends will meet 10:45 AM Thursday at Sherwood Memorial Gardens for an 11:00 AM interment. The family will receive friends 5:00-7:00 PM Wednesday at Bridges Funeral Home, 5430 Rutledge Pike, 865-523-4999. www.bridgesfuneralhome.com 

Memorials: In lieu of flowers, memorial contributions may be made to the Humane Society of the Tennessee Valley, P.O. Box 51723, Knoxville, TN 37950.
Cemetery: Sherwood Memorial Gardens (Map)

Location: Bridges Funeral Home (Map)

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Thursday, February 13, 2014

Today's Nature Publication Refutes Possibility of a Solutrean Migration to the Americas

A very exciting and definite paper has just been published by Naturetoday, titled “The genome of a Late Pleistocene human from a Clovis burial site in western Montana,” by Rasmussen et al. The authors conclude that the DNA of a Clovis child is ancestral to Native Americans.  Said another way, this Clovis child was a descendant, along with Native people today, of the original migrants from Asia who crossed the Bering Strait.

All four types of DNA were tested; Y chromosome, mtDNA, autosomal and X. Everything tested as having come through the Bering Strait from Asia. There was no European admixture.  

This information is very important to a number of academic disciplines. I am sure much more remains to be explored and explained, but we can rest assured in this fact: 


"The researchers concluded that the Clovis infant belonged to a meta-population from which many contemporary Native Americans are descended and is closely related to all indigenous American populations.  In essence, contemporary Native Americans are “effectively direct descendants of the people who made and used Clovis tools and buried this child,” covering it with red ochre.
Furthermore, the data refutes the possibility that Clovis originated via a European, Solutrean, migration to the Americas."


http://dna-explained.com/2014/02/13/clovis-people-are-native-americans-and-from-asia-not-europe/

www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/39153/title/First-Ancient-North-American-Genome-Sequenced/



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Monday, January 20, 2014

Johnnie Clyde Gibson Rhea Obituary




Johnnie Clyde Gibson Rhea, age 82, of Sneedville, passed away on January 18, 2014 at Lakeway Hospital. She was born on May 23, 1931 to John and Martha (Goins) Gibson. She professed her faith at an early age at Howards Quarter Baptist Church where she still remained a member.

She was a beloved mother, sister, aunt, grandmother, great-grandmother and friend. Throughout her life, she enjoyed being a housewife and working with genealogy. She was a life-long member of the Melungeon Heritage Foundation. She was a charter member of the organization and important contributor to the First Union in Wise Virginia. She was preceded in death by her parents, brother, sisters and husband.

The family would like to thank Home Health Choices, Dr. Short, Nurses, Hancock County EMS, special friends; neighbors; caretaker, Freda Davis and all other who have assisted in anyway, Survivors include; Children; Margaret Trent, Evelyn Lawson, George (Sled) Rhea Jr. , Evia Ruth Phillips, Hazel Drinnon; Malena Cloud. Grandchildren; Tammy; Ashley Trent, Nikki; Steven Lawson, Greg Rhea; Melissa Seals, Randy; Rusty Stanton, Josh; Brock Williams, and TJ; Isaiah Cloud, 15 Great-Grandchildren, Sister; Betty Mahan Brother; Willie Jack Gibson Nieces; Judy Goodman; Deanna Carroll and Many special friends.

Funeral services will be held at 2:00 P.M. on Wednesday, January 22, 2014 at the McNeil Funeral Home Chapel Rev. Phillip Roberts; Rev. Darrell Ramsey officiating Special music will be provided by the Douglas Family. Interment will follow in the Old Yellow Branch Church Cemetery. Serving as pallbearers will be her grandsons. Serving as honorary pallbearers will be her great-grandsons The family will receive friends from 5 to 8 P.M. on Tuesday, January 21, 2014 at the McNeil Funeral Home.

Online condolences can be made at http://www.mcneilfuneralhome.com.

McNeil Funeral Home in Sneedville in charge of arrangements.

Johnnie's Story 




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