Sunday, March 22, 2009

A History of The Middle New River Settlements and Contiguous Territory


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by David E. Johnston
Published: Huntington, W. Va, Standard PTG. & Pub. Co., 1906
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER I
1654-1753
VAST UNEXPLORED DOMAIN WEST OF THE ALLEGHANIES - CROWING AND CROSSING THE
SAME - FIRST WHITE MAN TO SEE NEW RIVER - FIRST WHITE MAN WEST OF THIS RIVER - ORIGIN OF NAME - PORTER SETTLES AT MOUTH OF EAST RIVER - SALLEY, HOWARDS AND ST. CLAIR ON MIDDLE - LOWER NEW RIVER - CLINCHE AND CASTLE IN CLINCH VALLEY PRIOR TO 1748 - THOMAS WALKER AND PARTY CROSS NEW RIVER, 1748 - SAME YEAR DRAPER'S INGLES' SETTLEMENT MADE - ADAM HARMAN AT GUNPOWDER SPRING - 1750 DR. THOMAS WALKER AND OTHERS ON THE HOLSTEIN AND AT CUMBERLAND GAP - CHISTOPHER GIST ON THE OHIO AND VISITS MOUNTAIN LAKE -PHILIP LYBROOK SETTLES AT MOUTH OF SINKING CREEK - JOHN LEWIS AND HIS SON ANDREW ON THE GREENBRIER - JAMES BURKE DISCOVERS BURKE'S GARDEN - SAMUEL CULBERTSON ON CULBERTSON'S BOTTOM - THOMAS FARLEY ON NEW RIVER - BUILDS A FORT - JAMES ELLISON BORN IN FARLEY'S FORT - FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR -WASHINGTON ON THE OHIO - INDIAN DEPREDATIONS.
CHAPTER II
1753-1766
EXPLORING THE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY - FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR - WASHINGTON ON THE OHIO - VIRGINIA RAISES TROOPS - COLONEL FRY SICK AND COMMAND DEVOLVES ON WASHINGTON - FORT NECESSITY - GENERAL BRADDOCK DEFEATED ON THE MONONGAHELA - DEPREDATIONS ON THE VIRGINIA BORDER - DESTRUCTION OF DRAPERS MEADOWS SETTLERS - MRS. INGLES A PRISONER - PHILLIP BARGER KILLED - MRS. INGLES ESCAPES - CAPTAIN WILLIAM INGLES AND GOVERNOR DINWIDDIE PLAN AN EXPEDITION AGAINST THE OHIO INDIANS - MAJOR ANDREW LEWIS ORDERED TO RAISE A FORCE FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF THE INDIAN TOWNS ON THE OHIO - LEWIS MARCHES IN FEBRUARY, 1756, CROSSES NEW RIVER, NORTH FORK OF THE HOLSTEIN, THROUGH BURKE'S GARDEN, OVER THE HEAD OF THE CLINCH AND ON THE SANDY -
VAUX'S FORT DESTROYED - 1756 SETTLEMENTS WEST OF NEW RIVER - JOSEPH HOWE AND OTHERS ON BACK CREEK WEST OF NEW RIVER, 1760 - INDIAN MARAUDING PARTY NEAR INGLE'S FERRY ATTACKED BY INGLES, HARMAN AND OTHERS - CAPTAIN HENRY HARMAN, ADAM HARMAN - HERRMAN - ONE BRANCH OF THE FAMILY FROM NORTH CAROLINA AND THE OTHER FROM VIRGINIA VALLEY - NEW RIVER LEAD MINES DISCOVERED BY COLONEL CHISWELL - INDIAN INCURSION INTO JACKSON'S RIVER, ROANOKE AND CATAWBA SETTLEMENTS - PACK, SWOPE AND PITMAN ON THE NEW RIVER -
CAPTAIN AUDLEY PAUL ON LOWER NEW RIVER IN 1763 - MASSACRES BY INDIANS IN GREENBRIER SECTION IN 1763 - BUTLER, CARR AND OTHERS, HUNTERS ON HEAD OF CLINCH, 1766 - THIS YEAR FAMILY OF JOHN SNIDOW SETTLE AT MOUTH OF SINKING CREEK ON THE NEW RIVER.
CHAPTER III
1766-1774
FORMATION BOTETOURT COUNTY FROM AUGUSTA IN 1769 - COOKS, KEENEYS AND
OTHERS ON INDIAN CREEK AND THE GREENBRIER - BUILDING FORTS - COOKS ON
INDIAN CREEK AND KEENEYS AT KEENEY'S KNOBS - FORT AT LEWISBURG BUILT -
JOHN AND RICHARD CHAPMAN AND MCKENSY SETTLE AT MOUTH OF WALKER'S CREEK -
SNIDOWS, LYBROOKS AND CHAPMANS BUILD FORT AT THE HORSE SHOE - ABSALOM
LOONEY FROM LOONEY'S CREEK EXPLORES UPPER BLUESTONE WATERS - OTHER
SETTLERS ON THE HEAD OF CLINCH - JOHN MCNEIL FROM THE VIRGINIA VALLEY
LOCATES AT LITTLE LEVELS - ACCOMPANIES GENERAL LEWIS TO THE BATTLE OF
POINT PLEASANT - CAPTAIN JAMES MOORE, SAMUEL FERGUSON, THE PEERYS AND
OTHERS IN THE BATTLE OF THE ALAMANCE MAY 16TH, 1771 - IN 1772 EVAN SHELBY
AT KING'S MEADOWS, AND JOHN SEVIER FROM THE VALLEY, ON THE NOLICHUCKY -
REFUGEES FROM THE ALAMANCE, FROM FAIRFAX COUNTY, VIRGINIA, ON THE
WATAUGA - OVER MOUNTAIN MEN - BACK WATER MEN - PEACE MEN - FINCASTLE COUNTY CREATED AND COURTS HELD AT LEAD MINES - DANIEL BOONE, FAMILY AND PARTY FROM THE YADKIN - SQUIRE BOONE A BAPTIST MINISTER, WITH THE PARTY -
ON THEIR WAY TO KENTUCKY ARE ATTACKED BY INDIANS AND PARTY SCATTERED -
DANIEL AND SQUIRE WINTER NEAR CASTLESWOODS - DUNMORE'S WAR BEGINS IN THE SPRING OF 1774 - DANIEL BOONE IN COMMAND OF THE FRONTIER - CAPTAIN WILLIAM
RUSSELL'S COMPANY FROM THE CLINCH - REECE AND MOSES BOWEN WITH RUSSELL -
EVAN SHELBY, HIS SON ISAAC AND JOHN SEVIER ALSO LEAD A COMPANY - SEVIER
FROM NORTH CAROLINA BUT SUPPOSES HE LIVES IN VIRGINIA - GOVERNOR DUNMORE
RAISES AN ARMY AND COMMANDS NORTHERN DIVISION - GENERAL ANDREW LEWIS THE
SOUTHERN DIVISION - MARCH TO THE MOUTH OF THE KANAWHA AND BATTLE OF POINT
PLEASANT - AUGUST 7TH, 1774, INDIANS ATTACK THE LYBROOKS AND SNIDOWS AT
SINKING CREEK - HARMAN'S FORT - SHANNONS SETTLE AT POPLAR HILL, 1774 -
GRANT OF CLOVER BOTTOM TO MITCHELL CLAY.
CHAPTER IV - Part A, Part B
1775-1794
MITCHELL CLAY AND FAMILY SETTLED ON CLOVER BOTTOM - MATHEW FRENCH AND
FAMILY SETTLE ON WOLF CREEK - DECLARATION OF THE FINCASTLE MEN - FINCASTLE
COUNTY ABOLISHED AND MONTGOMERY, WASHINGTON AND KENTUCKY COUNTIES CREATED
- CAPTAIN JAMES MOORE VISITS ABB'S VALLEY - PETER WRIGHT, THE HUNTER, IN THE NORTHERN VALLEYS OF PETER'S AND EAST RIVER MOUNTAINS - GREENBRIER COUNTY CREATED AND ITS BOUNDARIES - REV. JOHN ALDERSON IN THE GREENBRIER VALLEY - JOSEPH CLOYD SETTLES ON BACK CREEK - THE FAMILY OF COLONEL JAMES GRAHAM ATTACKED BY INDIANS - DONNALLY'S FORT ATTACKED - MOREDOCK O. MCKENSEY AND FAMILY ATTACKED BY INDIANS - CAPTAIN THOMAS BURKE, MICHAEL WOODS, JOHN FLOYD, AND JOHN LUCAS IN COMMAND OF THE FORTS 1777-78 -LYBROOKS, CHAPMANS, SNIDOWS AND OTHERS ON THE FRONTIER - EDWARD HALE AND JOSEPH HARE IN NEW RIVER VALLEY 1779 - TORY UPRISING ON UPPER NEW RIVER SUPPRESSED BY CLOYD, CAMPBELL, CROCKETT AND CLEVELAND - DAVID JOHNSON AND FAMILY, FROM CULPEPER COUNTY, SETTLES IN THE NEW RIVER VALLEY - ILLINOIS COUNTY CREATED - THOMAS INGLES LOCATES IN WRIGHT'S VALLEY AND REMOVES TO BURKE'S GARDEN - IN SEPTEMBER 1779 JOHN PAULEY AND WIFE AND OTHERS ATTACKED BY INDIANS ON EAST RIVER - 1780, JOHN TONEY AND FAMILY, FROM LOWER VIRGINIA, SETTLE AT THE MOUTH OF EAST RIVER - FAMILY BY NAME OF CHRISTIAN SETTLE ON EAST RIVER - JOHN G. DAVIDSON AND RICHARD BAILEY WITH THEIR FAMILIES SETTLE AT BEAVER POND - WILLIAM WILBURN AND DAVID HUGHES, FROM NORTH CAROLINA, AND JOHN AND BENJAMIN WHITE, FROM AMHERST COUNTY, VIRGINIA, SETTLE ON SUGAR RUN - MAJOR JOSEPH CLOYD IN OCTOBER 1780 LEADS TROOPS TO NORTH CAROLINA AND FIGHTS BATTLES AT SHALLOW FORD OF YADKIN, CAPTAIN GEO. PEARIS WOUNDED - BATTLE OF KING'S MOUNTAIN, PART OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY MEN KILLED IN THIS BATTLE UNDER LIEUTENANTS REECE BOWEN AND JAMES MOORE, BOWEN KILLED IN ACTION - BATTLES OF WETZEL'S MILL AND GUILFORD COURT HOUSE - CAPTAIN THOMAS SHANNON LEADS A COMPANY OF NEW RIVER VALLEY MEN IN THESE BATTLES - CAPTAIN GEO. PEARIS SETTLES ON NEW RIVER IN THE SPRING OF 1782 - ADAM CAPERTON KILLED AT ESTILL'S DEFEAT - THE COUNTRY ALARMED BY THE ATTACK ON THOMAS INGLES, MILITARY CALLED OUT - SWARMS OF EMIGRANTS CROSS THE ALLEGHANIES IN 1782-3-4 AND SETTLE IN PART IN NEW RIVER VALLEY, AND OTHERS GO TO KENTUCKY - PETERS, WALKER, SMITH, STOWERS AND OTHERS COME IN 1782 - INDIAN RAIDING PARTY PENETRATE THE BLUESTONE AND UPPER WOLF CREEK SECTION, STEAL HORSES AND ESCAPE - MITCHELL CLAY'S FAMILY ATTACKED BY INDIANS AT CLOVER BOTTOM IN 1783 - CAPTAIN GEO. PEARIS KILLS AN INDIAN ON NEW RIVER - JAMES MOORE, JR., CAPTURED BY INDIANS IN ABB'S VALLEY - NEW STATE OF FRANKLIN, EFFORT TO ENLARGE ITS BOUNDARIES BY CAMPBELL AND OTHERS - "RUSSELL COUNTY CREATED IN 1785 - CAPTAIN JAMES MOORE AND HIS FAMILY ATTACKED BY FORTY SHAWNEE INDIANS IN 1786 AND KILLED, CAPTURED AND DESTROYED - 1787, FEDERAL CONVENTION ASSEMBLES IN PHILADELPHIA, FRAMES A CONSTITUTION AND SUBMITS IT TO THE STATES - 1788, NOVEMBER 12TH, CAPTAIN HENRY HARMAN AND HIS SONS FIGHT A BATTLE WITH THE INDIANS ON THE BANKS OF THE TUG - HARMAN'S BATTLE SONG - 1789, WILLIAM WHEATLEY KILLED BY INDIANS - FAMILY OF JAMES ROARK DESTROYED - 1789, OCTOBER, MRS. VIRGINIA WILEY CAPTURED - INDIAN MARAUDING BAND ON HEAD
OF CLINCH AND BLUESTONE IN 1790 - BIRTH OF JONATHAN BAILEY - WYTHE COUNTY
CREATED - FAMILY OF ANDREW DAVIDSON CAPTURED BY THE INDIANS IN 1791,
DAVIDSON'S LONG SEARCH FOR HIS WIFE AND HER RESCUE - UPPER CLINCH AND
BLUESTONE RAIDED BY INDIANS IN JULY, 1792 PURSUED BY MAJOR ROBERT
CROCKETT, GILBERT KILLED AND LUSK CAPTURED - LUSK AND MRS. WILEY ESCAPE IN
THE FALL OF 1792 - JOHN G. DAVIDSON MURDERED BY INDIANS AND A WHITE MAN,
ONE RICE, ON THE 8TH DAY OF MARCH, 1793 - INDIANS PURSUED, OVERTAKEN AT
ISLAND OF GUYANDOTTE, SKIRMISH FOLLOWS - PETITION OF ROBERT CROCKETT,
JOSEPH DAVIDSON AND FIFTY OTHERS TO THE GOVERNOR OF VIRGINIA - ALARM IN THE NEW RIVER SECTION AND GOVERNOR CALLS OUT A MILITARY COMPANY UNDER CAPTAIN HUGH CAPERTON WHICH IS STATIONED ON THE KANAWHA, DANIEL BOONE THE
COMMISSARIAT - MARAUDING PARTY OF INDIANS IN 1793, THE LAST ON THE WATERS
OF THE UPPER CLINCH AND BLUESTONE - WAYNE'S GREAT VICTORY OVER THE UNITED
INDIAN TRIBES IN OHIO ON AUGUST THE TWENTIETH, 1794, BRINGS PEACE TO THE
VIRGINIA BORDER - SWARMS OF LAND SPECULATORS AND SURVEYORS ON THE OHIO
WATERS, NORTH AND WEST OF THE SETTLEMENTS - NUMEROUS AND LARGE GRANTS OF
LAND TO ROBERT MORRIS, THE PATRIOT AND FINANCIER - GRANTS TO POLLARD,
HOPKINS, YOUNG, MCLAUGHLIN, MOORE AND BECKLEY, BLISS, DWIGHT AND GRANGER,
RUTTER AND ETTING, DR. JOHN DILLION, DEWITT CLINTON, ROBERT MCCULLOCK,
WILSON CARY NICHOLAS, WILSON, PICKETT, SMITH AND OTHERS - MANNERS AND
CUSTOMS OF THE BORDER PEOPLE, THEIR RELIGIOUS LIFE - EARLY MINISTERS.
CHAPTER V
1795-1836
MARRIAGES, BY WHOM CELEBRATED PRIOR TO THE PASSAGE OF TOLERATION ACTS -
REAL CIVILIZATION BEGUN - MONROE COUNTY CREATED, ITS BOUNDARIES, BRIEF
HISTORY OF - FORMATION OF TAZEWELL COUNTY, ITS BOUNDARIES, BRIEF HISTORY
OF - FORMATION OF GILES COUNTY, ITS BOUNDARIES, AND BRIEF HISTORY THEREOF.
CHAPTER VI
1837-1861
FORMATION OF MERCER COUNTY - ITS BOUNDARIES, ETC. - COURTS ORGANIZED -
FIRST GRAND JURY EMPANELLED - POPULAR ELECTION - INCLUDING ELECTION OF MEMBERS OF SECESSION CONVENTION.
CHAPTER VII Part A, Part B, Part C, Part D
1861-1865
THE ORGANIZATION OF MILITARY COMPANIES - THE CONCENTRATION OF ARMIES - THE
WAR BEGINS - GREAT UNION UPRISING IN NORTHWESTERN VIRGINIA - RESTORED
GOVERNMENT OF VIRGINIA - FORMATION OF WEST VIRGINIA - VARIOUS BATTLES AND
ENGAGEMENTS - CAMPAIGNS OF 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865 - THE WAR ENDS -
PEACE RESTORED - RECONSTRUCTION IN MERCER COUNTY.
CHAPTER VIII
1866-1905
RECONSTRUCTION IN MERCER COUNTY, W. VA - CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT
DISFRANCHISING CONFEDERATES - REGISTRATION LAW - COUNTY SEAT AGITATION -
THE "COMMITTEE OF SAFETY" - THE CREATION OF SUMMERS COUNTY - THE
RESTORATION OF THE ELECTIVE FRANCHISE - INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT - THE FLAT
TOP COAL FIELD - RAILROAD CONSTRUCTION - THE CITY OF BLUEFIELD.
APPENDIX A
THE COURTS, JUDGES, MAGISTRATES, ATTORNEYS, ETC.
APPENDIX B
COUNTIES IN VIRGINIA AND WEST VIRGINIA FORMED OUT OF THE TERRITORY
OF AUGUSTA AND FREDERICK, AND HOW OR FOR WHOM NAMED.
APPENDIX C - PART A, PART B
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES
APPENDIX D
ELECTED OFFICIALS
APPENDIX E
A LIST OF ATTORNEYS FOR THE COMMONWEALTH FOR GILES COUNTY FROM 1806
TO 1905.
APPENDIX F
CONFEDERATE OFFICERS
APPENDIX G
MILITARY ROSTERS

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2 comments:

Linda said...

Awesome blog! Listing so many surnames will be helpful to genealogists.

Janet Crain said...

Thank you!!!